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General Information about Pulicat

Pulicat or Pazhaverkadu is a historic seashore town in "North of Chennai" in Thiruvallur District, of Tamil Nadu state, South India. It is about 60 kilometres north of Chennai and 3 kilometres from Elavur, on the barrier island of Sriharikota, which separates Pulicat Lake from the Bay of Bengal. Pulicat lake is a shallow salt water lagoon which stretches about 60 kilometres along the coast. With lakeside and seashore development as well as several Special Economic Zones (SEZs) including a US $1 billion Medical SEZ, coming up in nearby Elavur, land prices in the area are rising.


Pulicat is within the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. Every year between the months of October and March, thousands of migratory birds land here. Though many species can be seen, the Flamingos are the most visible, covering the swamps surrounding the lake, giving it a pink tinge.

Every year in the month of April, people of Pulicat irrespective of religion celebrate "Kottaikuppam Madha Thiruvizha". Kottaikuppam - Kottai means Fort & Kuppam means group of people live. Madha Thiruvizha means Festival for Lady Mary.

Connectivity :
Pulicat Located at a distance of about 60 km from the city of Chennai, Pulicat is easily accessible by road.
The Tamil Nadu part of the lake is 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Chennai and the nearest airport and major railway station are in Chennai. The nearest suburban railway station is at Ponneri. To reach Pulicat on the National Highway 5 from Chennai, drive north toward Nellore, after 30 kilometres (19 mi), turn right towards Ponneri village and continue 18 km (11.2 mi) to Pulicat village. Sullurpeta station is 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Sriharikota. The Buckingham Canal on the western side of the lagoon is the navigation route through the lake used by cargo and passenger vessels

Road :
The most cost effective mode of transportation to reach Pulicat is by means of buses. Both State Transport Buses and privately operated ones are available to Pulicat from Chennai Moffusil Bus Terminus. The journey to Pulicat town from Chennai city will take about a couple of hours.

Railway :
The major railhead closest to Pulicat town is in the city of Chennai. The railway station at Chennai has regular trains running to all other parts of India. Travellers who arrive by trains can either hire taxis from the railway station or take buses to reach Pulicat. Chennai railway station is well connected to southern cities such as Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Hyderabad. Regular trains are available to and fro other major Indian cities like New Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai as well.

Air :
The nearest airport to Pulicat is the Chennai International Airport (about 74 km from the town of Pulicat). Chennai airport is well connected to all the major cities in India such as Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai and Hyderabad. The airport has international flights flying to some of the cities abroad as well. Those who arrive by air can hire a taxi from the airport to reach the small town of Pulicat


Few Places of Interest :

Among travellers, Pulicat is best known for two things: Pulicat Lake and Pulicat Bird Sanctuary.

Pulicat Lake formerly Palaverkaadu Eri is the second largest brackish water lake or lagoon in India, after Chilika Lake which attracts millions of tourists every year. It straddles the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states with over 96% of it in Andhra Pradesh and 4% in Tamil Nadu situated on the Coromandal Coast in South India. The lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. The geographical region is included in the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary which serves as a seasonal home to a wide variety of migratory birds. The abundance of rare species of birds makes bird-watching a favourite tourist activity in the area. Pulicat has a number of other attractions as well including the Dutch Church, Dutch Cemetery, lighthouse, Chintamaneeswarar Temple and Periya Pallivasal. The influence of the Dutch is manifested in the structures and architectural styles of churches, ancient building and tombs in the region.


Pulicat Lake is spread over an expanse of 350 square kilometres which is famous for attracting several rare species of migratory birds. It is the second largest saltwater lagoon after the Chilka Lake in Orissa. It is separated from the Bay of Bengal by a stretch of land known as Sriharikota Island. Pulicat Lake is a good option as a picnic spot for tourists, as the area is generally calm and serene, surrounded by the ambience of the lake and the large numbers of migratory birds. The lake is also a destination of choice for birdwatchers as several rare species of migratory birds come to the lake during most times of the year. It is possible to go on a boat trip in the lake. The best bet is to rent a boat from one of the fishermen for as little as 500 rupees for a boat and go on a boat trip in the lake. Some of the notable species of birds that can be found here are waterfowl, pelicans, herons and flamingos.

Best Time To Visit Pulicat :
Though the climate is tropical, the town could be visited any time of the year, except the months of extreme summers and heavy monsoons. Natural beauty, exotic birdlife, heritage buildings and a rich cultural history make Pulicat an absolute favourite with backpackers and history lovers alike.

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