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General Information about Kancheepuram / Kanchipuram

The city houses Varadharaja Perumal Temple, Ekambareswarar Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple, and Kumarakottam Temple which are some of major Hindu temples in the state. Of the 108 holy temples of the Hindu god Vishnu, 14 are located in Kanchipuram.

Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu is famous for its rock cut temples and lustrous Kanjeevaram silks.
Kanchipuram also Kanchi a city/town in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, 72 km (45 mi) from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu. The towns covers an area of 11.605 km2 (4.481 sq mi). It is the administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram District. Kanchipuram is well-connected by road and rail. Chennai International Airport is the nearest domestic and international airport to the town, which is located at Tirusulam in Kanchipuram district.

Ground water is the major source of water supplies used for irrigation – the block of Kanchipuram has 24 canals, 2809 tanks, 1878 tube wells and 3206 ordinary wells. The area is rich in medicinal plants, and historic inscriptions mention the medicinal value. Dimeria acutipes and cyondon barberi are plants found only in Kanchipuram and Chennai

The major occupations of Kanchipuram are silk sari weaving and agriculture.

The main industries are cotton production, light machinery and electrical goods manufacturing, and food processing. There are 25 silk and cotton yarn industries, 60 dyeing units, 50 rice mills and 42 other industries in the Kanchipuram. Another important occupation is tourism and service related segments like hotels, restaurants and local transportation.

Kanchipuram is a traditional centre of silk weaving and handloom industries for producing Kanchipuram Saris. The industry is worth around 100 cr (US$18.18 million), but the weaving community suffers from poor marketing techniques and duplicate market players. In 2005, "Kanchipuram Silk Sarees" received the Geographical Indication tag, the first product in India to carry this label. The silk trade in Kanchipuram began when King Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) invited weavers to migrate to Kanchi. The craft increased with the mass migration from Andhra Pradesh in the 15th century during the Vijayanagara rule.

Kanchipuram is a city famous for its silk products. The silk sarees are hand-woven and have an excellent texture which has allured women for generations. The city is also famous for the vast number of looms which spin out priceless Kanchipuram silk and gold sarees, counted among the finest textiles of India. The sarees are woven from pure mulberry silk thread. The pure mulberry silk used in the making of Kanchipuram saris comes from South India and the zari comes from Gujarat. ... In a genuine Kanchipuram Silk Sari, body and border are woven separately and then interlocked together.

Yarn for a silk saree is usually produced by throwing live cocoons of silkworm into boiling water. A single saree needs upto 50,000 cocoons.

Kanchipuram is most easily accessible by road. The Chennai – Bangalore National Highway, NH 4 passes the outskirts of the city. Daily bus services are provided by the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation to and from Chennai, Bangalore, Villupuram, Tirupathi, Thiruthani, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Salem, Coimbatore, Tindivanam and Pondicherry. There are two major bus routes to Chennai, one connecting via Guindy and the other via Tambaram. Local bus services are provided by The Villupuram division of Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation. As of 2006, there were a total of 403 buses for 191 routes operated out of the city.

The city is also connected to the railway network through the Kanchipuram railway station. The Chengalpet – Arakkonam railway line passes through Kanchipuram and travellers can access services to those destinations. Daily trains are provided to Pondicherry and Tirupati, and there is a weekly express train to Madurai and a bi-weekly express train to Nagercoil. Two passenger trains from both sides of Chengalpattu and Arakkonam pass via Kanchipuram.

The nearest domestic as well as international airport is Chennai International Airport, located at a distance of 72 km from the town

A few places of tourist interest :
Kamakshi Amman Temple
The Kamakshi Temple is an ancient Hindu Temple dedicated to Kamakshi, one of the forms of Goddess Parvati.

Kamakshi Amman Temple
Varadharaja Perumal Temple or Hastagiri or Attiyuran is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.

Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple
The Kanchi Kailasanathar temple is the oldest structure in Kanchipuram. Located in Tamil Nadu, India, it is a Hindu temple in the Dravidian architectural style. It is dedicated to the Lord Shiva, and is known for its historical importance.

Kanchi Kudil
Heritage museum in a century-old home, featuring traditional Kanchipuram antiques, photos & art.


Kanchipuram is perhaps the oldest city of Tamil Nadu that has still managed to retain its old-world charm. The city is famous for not only its temples but also for having been the capital city of the Pallava kings. Even today the city is sometimes called by its old names of Kanchiampathi and Conjeevaram. Foreign tourists know Kanchipuram as the The City of Thousand Temples. The city is easily accessible since it is located just 72 kilometres from Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu. Kanchipuram is a revered city for the Hindus since it is among one of the seven holiest places that every Hindu should visit during their lifetime. According to Hindu mythology, moksha or salvation can be attained by a visit to all of the seven holy places. The city is a sacred place for the devotees of Lord Shiva as well as Lord Vishnu. There are many temples dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu in the city of Kanchipuram. Among these temples the more popular ones are the Varadharaja Perumal Temple dedicated to God Vishnu and Ekambaranatha Temple which, is one among the Panchabootha Sthalams or the five temples of Shiva representing the five elements. Tourist Places In And Around Kanchipuram This holy city is visited all through the year for its famous temples, like the Kamakshi Amman Temple, the Ekambareswarar Temple, the Devarajaswami Temple and the Kailasanathar Temple, to name a few. The Holy City Legend has it that the city got its name because of the numerous Lord Vishnu temples that are built within the city premises. “Ka” stands for Lord Brahma who is believed to have “anchi” or worshipped Lord Vishnu in this city, thus, giving the place the name of Kanchipuram. However, there are many Shiva temples also in the city. The west side of Kanchipuram is called Siva Kanchi because it has the maximum number of Shiva temples and the east side of the city is called Vishnu Kanchi. The other famous temples of Kanchipuram are the Kailasanathar Temple, the Kamakshi Amman Temple, the Kachapeshwarar Temple and the Kumara Kottam Temple. The Silk City Kanchipuram silk sarees are acclaimed across the world, the silk thread interwoven with gold zari, was not only the favourite of the women of the glorious past, but also of the modern times. It is not only an adored aspect of Indian clothing, especially in South India, but is also a traditional and cultural aspect of the Tamils. How To Reach Kanchipuram Kanchipuram is connected with the rest of the country via road and trains. The nearest airport is at Chennai. Kanchipuram Weather The weather in Kanchipuram oscillates between hot summers and pleasant winters.


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